Installing VGA card on system always makes us in trouble. To work VGA card properly we need to follow correct basic procedures for installing hardware and software of that card.The procedure set out below are more precisely.The concepts of this is a “preferable” to take steps to get the maximum results, but to get a more detailed guide of procedures for the basic installation be sure to carefully read the manual.
1) Physical installation of the card
If you installed the new card on an operating system whichis already running on older VGA card Then,you should first remove all old drivers.To do this,change the video card, boot the PC and wait for the end of the operating system loader.
If this is a Windows machine, usually just uninstall the drivers from the control panel. If instead the control panel does not find anything about it, under “My Computer” then “System” then go to the page with summarized our hardware, we choose our video card and then install the driver “Standard VGA”.
A) Before putting hands into the case discharge any static electricity in your body by touching an unpainted metal part of the case itself.
B) Insert the card and make sure not to apply excessive pressure but at the same time try to bring completely the connection of your AGP card into the AGP slot on your mobo this, I repeat that is very important to make sure that the card is perfectly in order entry eviare that unwanted contact can also lead to damage to the card.
C) Make sure you screw the card to the case: this will prevent the card to move into the AGP slot (with possible disastrous consequences for both the card itself and for the motherboard) and allow the card itself to be “grounded” properly.
D)If you have a card that has a separate power connector (like the latest ATI and Nvidia) be sure to also connect the output of the power supply connector (as the case may serve as a shortcut through the classic molex through connector 6 or 8 pin, or through a link smaller, equal to that which is used to power disk drive). One thing is quite desirable to connect the power connector to a cable that is not already shared by other devices very costly and / or sensitive in terms of electrical requirements (eg hard disk) and / or generating a certain pattern ” variable “in the current supplied by the cable itself (for example, fans of a certain power), this to avoid problems both to the video card itself and the device connected to it with the same power cord.
Properly installed the card, we can start the PC.
Now we have two situations: the PC already has an operating system and the other driver and / or system libraries are in place (AGP driver installed correctly, DX9 also installed correctly, etc …) or should we install ex – novo an operating system to our liking.
2) Reboot after the physical installation of the card with HD without operating system
Start the computer with the installation of operating system, the installation procedures are usually tailored to the operating system you are using as a guideline, however, usually need to set BIOS as “First Boot Dvice” unity and CDROM Put the CD in the operating system of choice.
1) users of Win9x/ME necessarily, set the video driver as “Standard VGA”. If our copy of Windows fails to recognize our video card and install drivers embedded in it, will start already in “Standard VGA” and therefore do not need anything special (go ahead to the next point). If Windows has detected and installed drivers for our card, click with right button on a free desktop, click the “Properties”, then click the tab “Settings”, then “Advanced” tab then on the “Card” then the button “Change. At this point you will get a list of drivers and we choose as drivers to install what is called “VGA”. We confirmed and the computer will ask to restart.
1 b) Users of Vista / WinXP / Win2000 can avoid returning to the standard VGA driver. If the operating system will not recognize the card and / or has no driver for it, by default it will be launched already in VGA mode or VESA. Flourish if it has the card will be launched with just the drivers, but unlike what happens in Win9x/ME you can do without returning to the driver “Standard VGA.”
2) Then, install the latest drivers for your motherboard. The AGP driver (in case of motherboards AGP) and more generally the drivers necessary for the proper functioning of the chipset be installed before any other external driver.In order to give the machine an opportunity to express all the stability and performance of which is capable of. Without this restart.
3) Once rebooted you should once again see the desktop. Now installed DirectX9 (which you have previously downloaded) And, when finished, reboot. Users of Vista, which already incorporates the DX 10, obviously will not have to install DX9.
4) Now you can finally install the video driver. If the driver is equipped with an automatic setup procedure, you can use it and install it in practice alone. Otherwise, you must return to the Display Properties, go to the advanced settings, go to the properties tab and change the video driver. Alternatively, you can go to “Control Panel”, choose “System”, go to the summary page of the hardware, choose your video card and install the necessary drivers from there.
The official Nvidia drivers usually have a procedure for the automatic setup, but usually you have to install the beta in manual mode described above.
A caveat is important for the ATI driver, which as you probably know are divided into two sections. Using the setup “normal” (the one supplied with the set of drivers) are installed the drivers first real and later, without rebooting, you installed the Control Panel. If you have problems, I recommend you try to install the drivers in manual mode, then reboot and after reboot install the Control Panel.
Also for ATI card owners, if you do not use the two monitors you should disable the use (at least to me personally with older driver versions sometimes did go down performance).
Note: As little advice, every time you change version of DirectX I suggest you reinstall the video driver.
5) Reboot. Then try using some games or running any benchmarks, changing from time to time the options in the Control Panel driver (for example, once an enabling anti-aliasing and you disable, etc. …). If to changing settings in the control panel is a variation of the output on the screen during 3D applications, everything should be OK. when you change the settings in the Control Panel to see if changes are made, try to change some settings which itself produces some visible results, such as the activation of antialiasing or dell’ Anisotropic Filtering.
6) If you want, at this point you can install any program to tweak and / or overclocking (see below). A single, basic rule: when it comes to overclocking, careful not to overdo it and always check the stability and the temperature reached by the system (in this particular case than that achieved from the adapter chart). If you can get exaggerated big damage to your card!.
Users of GNU / Linux
Modern Linux distributions are often able to automatically recognize the video card and set the ideal configuration, also active support for 3D acceleration (through infrastructure DRI). In this case, there are no problems unless you want to try installing other drivers, you can leave everything as we have configured the install and, occasionally, to upgrade your distribution (through utilities of each distro).
If the installer fails to activate 3D support (or even 2D) and / or want to try to change driver manually, you must first understand which components regulate the 3D accelerated desktop Linux.
The graphical environment for Linux is the result of at least 2 distinct software components:
A) X server, Which is responsible for making available the drawing primitives (bitmaps, lines, rectangles, etc..) And to manage communications with the video card (via the video driver);
B) window / desktop manager, Which handles the windows as a whole and to provide the user with a comfortable environment to work (some examples of window managers Fluxbox, icewm, etc.While among desktop manager surely we include at least Gnome and KDE).
The window / desktop manager has no responsibility for the functioning (or not) 3D acceleration.
Then focus our attention on the X server and infrastructure that provides access to 3D capabilities of our board.
Linux 3D acceleration (DRI) depends on the following components:
!) compatible video driver DRI that will be loaded by the X server, which will be responsible for, among other things, features 2D;
!)DRM kernel module side Who will manage the resources at low levels.
!)AGP systems, the module and module agpgart AGP chipset motherboard.
All these modules / drivers must be fully functional and loaded simultaneously (generally think the kernel to load them in the correct order).
If 2D acceleration does not work, just make sure the X server to load the correct video driver and as a last resort you can try to tell X to use the driver “vesa” (for 2D acceleration is not required to be compatible DRI, and then this driver than enough to have a minimum of features 2D). To check / change the driver used by the X server, we must open the file “/ etc/X11/xorg.conf” and go to Section “Device”.
If you have problems with 3D acceleration, you must check in order:
-) That the X server is using the correct driver who needs support DRI (Section “Device”);
-) That the X server is loading the DRI and GLX modules (Section “Module”);
-) Which forms the kernel drm, agpgart, and the chipset is loaded correctly (using the command lsmod and dmesg). In case of platform PCI-EX, AGP modules are not needed.
If everything looks good but you still get 3D acceleration, try to start the X server as root: if it works this way, there is a permission problem (probably on the device “/ dev / drm).
Note: AMD / ATI and NVIDIA provide proprietary binary drivers for their boards. These drivers may include special installation procedures and / or configuration of the X server that deviate from the above address. NVIDIA drivers, for example, do not use the architecture DRI and then provide that from xorg.conf are removed references to the DRI module. In general, when you install proprietary drivers, you ever Follow the installation instructions provided by the manufacturer of the driver.
NOTE 2: As a general rule, remember that most distributions are able to properly configure 3D acceleration on several boards S3, VIA and ATI (up to X850 and not beyond). 3D acceleration of the ATI X1800 up and all Nvidia is only possible by installing binary drivers owners, and not all distributions facilitate the installation of such proprietary drivers. If your distro does not package these drivers, you just have to do is download them from ATI / Nvidia and follow the installation instructions (in fact, Nvidia has a really good installer, which does not regret that for Windows ). As for 2D acceleration, however, 99% of your distro will be able to configure automatically.
As you can see, things are quite complex and you can not treat everything here. Also, you need some familiarity with the Linux shell. In case of problems that can not resolve, I suggest you contact me directly through this thread and we will see, from time to time, you can do.
3) first reboot after the physical installation of the card with the operating system already installed.
1st) Win9x/ME – It ‘very prababile that the system, once detected the new hardware, you start with the standard VGA driver and prompts you to insert the driver CD. This is natural, given the fact that the various versions of Win9x/ME are now anzianotte and therefore their driver database is also now the default “stop” at the level of updates. If you’re installing a card antiquated (no one I want ) The probability for Windows to find a suitable driver naturally increase. Click “Cancel” and then back to the desktop.
If Windows can instead install a specific driver for that card, video driver set as “Standard VGA” (for a more detailed description of how it read the paragraph 2 and paragraph 1a).
Reboot the system.
1b) Users WinXP/Win2000 If the system asks for the cd with the driver tab, click on “Cancel” and return to the desktop. If the system has already recognized the card and instead has installed its drivers, you can still go directly to the next step without setting the card as “Standard VGA.
2) Install the DirectX9. -> From this point on you can proceed by following the directions given in paragraph 2.
IMPORTANT: To uninstall the video drivers usually just go into the “Install Programs” and uninstall the components we installed. It ‘important to uninstall BACK over the installation procedures. Example: To install the ATI Catalyst driver package must first install the proper drivers and then install the Control Panel. To uninstall the driver must first uninstall the Control Panel and uninstall the video driver AFTER (possibly between the Control Panel and uninstall the actual driver may require a reboot).
GNU / Linux users:
Almost all distributions integrate now udev, A tool that allows you to automatically load many of the forms necessary for the proper functioning of the system. Not necessarily, however, that your distribution is able to make the necessary changes to the file “/ etc/X11/xorg.conf” (Section “Device”), in this case, 3D acceleration (and possibly also the 2D) is not work.
To resolve this problem, check first that actually udev has loaded modules (kernel side) are fixed, then change the “Device” section of the xorg.conf file in order to reflect the installation of new video card.
For the rest is as good as said before: If you are unable to resolve problems and / or for more information, please contact me via this thread.
4) tweak programs and / or Overclock
Although the power of the current card is really high, which of us would forego a few fps more if it were possible to maintain high quality output? Or who, if he had the chance, not utilizzarebbe power “in excess” of these cards to get a better output?
Tweak programs are born for this very reason: You can set the parameters more or less hidden in order to increase the speed and / or the quality of our beloved video card.
WARNING: When you overclock your video card is pushing the hardware at a rate greater than that stated by the manufacturer. It must therefore be careful in increasing the frequency of only a few Mhz at a time (say, 5MHz) and then be sure that the system is stable and does not heat up excessively so, otherwise it might be appropriate to use more powerful systems, dissipation . We must however ask very carefully because with this practice if esagereta can physically damage your hardware.
Neither I nor the forum that kindly hosts can be held liable for damages caused by overclocking and / or misuse of the programs linked below tweak.
I know it is very important to remember all these things but you know how to say … prevention is better than cure!